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USA in the Asia Pacific Region - Guam

 

About 1/3 of the way from Japan to Australia lies the island of Guam, a US territory.  The island is located 1,500 south of Tokyo; 3,300 miles from Sidney; 2,000 east and south of Hong Kong; 3,000 east of Singapore;  4,000 mile east of Hawaii.  Most American don't even know it exists.  However, the island - along with Japan and the Philippines - plays a important role in maintaining the US military interests in the Asia Pacific region. 

 

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Guam was acquired along with the Philippines when the USA went to war with and defeated Spain in 1898.  The Philippines (which now has 94 million people) gained their independence for the USA after WWII,  but Guam is still a US territory, with US citizens.  Guam is home to 170,000 people, a sizable Air force base, Navy base and, in 2012, Marine base.  The map to the left highlights Guam strategic position in the region.   The Guam Organic Act of 1950 granted the people of Guam US citizenship and provided for the structure of Guam's civilian government.   209 sq mi of land, 173k people (2007)

 

Guam is one of 6 inhabited "US Area" in the Pacific other the Hawaii.  It is important to note that in the aftermath of WWII, the entire area pacific came under allied military control. The Americans, the British, the Australians, and the New Zealanders "administer" law in most of these pacific island as trustees for a then "League of Nations".   The geographic area of the US controlled "Mandates" was roughly the size of the USA.   Much has changed in 60 years in the US controlled Mandates, and it is a little confusion to keep track of.

 
Area #2:  More USA in the Asia Pacific Region - Saipan
Saipan is a island north of Guam and the main island of the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.  This "country" has the exact same status as Puerto Rico in that Saipan is a "commonwealth in political union with the United States"   A commonwealth is a type of US Territory - is an "organized but unincorporated dependent territory."   There are only two such territories - Puerto Rico and Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands.  Capital is Saipan.179 sq mi of land; 85k people (2007).  The commonwealth is about the same size as Guam but half the people.  The US took control of the area after WWII.    .
 
Area #3:  More USA in the Asia Pacific Region - Micronesia
Federated States of Micronesia is a 4 states federation with a Compact of Free Association with the USA.  271 sq mi of land, 108k people (2007)   Formerly part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Island, a U.N. Trusteeship administered by the US Navy from 1947 to 1951 and the Department of Interior from 1951 to 1986 (to 1994 for Palau).  Under the COFA relationship, the United States provides guaranteed financial assistance over a 15-year period administered through the Office of Insular Affairs in exchange for full international defense authority and responsibilities
 
Areas  #4 & #5:  Former USA in the Asia Pacific Region
  • Republic of the Marshall Islands is a former COFA but is now an independent county.  70 square miles, 62k people (2005)

  • Republic of Palau   is a former COFA but is an independent county since 1994 after  concluded a Compact of Free Association with the US.   177 sq mi of land.  21k people  (2007)

Areas  #6:  USA in the Asia Pacific Region

American Samoa has a total population of 57 k people and 76.1 square million.  An unincorporated unorganized territories since 1898) but locally self-governing under a constitution last revised in 1967.

 

 

While Guam is definitely strategic.  I like it because it is America and only a three hour flight from here!  People are also nice and the scuba diving is great. Great place to base other adventures from!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! 

 

Reference on Island Law: 

http://www.macmeekin.com/Library/Insular%20Cases.htm

http://www.cnmileg.gov.mp/index.cfm?pageID=9

http://www.cda.gov.mp/links.htm

http://commerce.gov.mp/SBDC/Contact.html

 

 

 

Unincorporated organized territories

"Territory"

  • Guam (since 1898): also the home of a U.S. Naval and Air Force base.
  • United States Virgin Islands (since 1927): these were purchased by the U.S. from Denmark, initially in order to add to the defenses of the Panama Canal.

U.S. Commonwealth

  • Northern Mariana Islands: formerly a UN Trust Territory under the administration of the United States, it established itself as a U.S. Commonwealth in 1978.
  • Puerto Rico (since 1898): established as a U.S. Commonwealth in 1952. 

 

Unincorporated unorganized territories

Islands in the Pacific Ocean
  • American Samoa (since 1898): locally self-governing under a constitution last revised in 1967.
  • Wake Island: no longer under the jurisdiction of the Department of the Navy, inhabited by civilian contractors, only. It is now primarily a wildlife refuge.
  • Midway Islands: no longer under the jurisdiction of the Department of the Navy, inhabited by caretakers, only. It is now primarily a wildlife refuge.
  • Johnston Atoll: now uninhabited. Was last used by the Department of Defense in about 2005.
  • Baker Island: now uninhabited for many decades.
  • Howland Island: now uninhabited for many decades.
  • Jarvis Island: uninhabited
  • Kingman Reef: uninhabited
Islands in the Caribbean Sea

 

 

 
 

Incorporated organized territories

None since 1959

 

Incorporated unorganized territories

There are in addition also "territories" that have the status of being incorporated but that are not organized:

  • U.S. coastal waters out to 12 nautical miles offshore.
  • U.S. flagged vessels at sea, naval, coast guard, or civilian.

 

 

 

About the Author:   

 

  • Consulting CFO & Advisory Services.    Mr. Barker is an experienced executive and consultant available to work on a contract basis.  US Citizenship; Japan Resident.  Experienced as transitional senior management or advisor in the M&A setting or troubled company restructuring project. Capable of taking control of company until a more long term management solution is available.   Also available to do contract research or due diligence used for supporting acquisition or investment decisions or for developing specific corporate strategy. 

  • Background.    Mr. Barker's background includes CFO and acting president of a Japanese subsidiary of US Fortune 1000 Company; acquisition integration consulting on international transactions; the CFO and acting president of a small San Diego based gaming and US military contractor; Manager of Mergers and Acquisitions for Ernst and Young;  Audit Manager with Deloitte and Touche; as well as employment with investment banks Merrill Lynch and Shearson, Lehman, Hutton.  Formal education includes MBA from University of California, an MS in Engineering from the University of Alaska, and a BS in Mechanical Engineering from University of Washington.  Mr. Barker is a Certified Public Accountant (and Auditor) licensed in the the State of California (USA) and competent in US GAAP, SEC compliance, IFRS and Japanese GAAP.   Industry experience is diverse.   

  • Contact:  All inquiries keep strictly confidential.  Please e-mail for phone contact info.  WallyBarker@Gmail.Com or write 6-5-14 Mikagenakamachi, Kobe-shi Hyogo-ken 658-0054 JAPAN

 

APPENDIX - Historical Maps - Trust Territories of the Pacific

Image:MapofTTPI.gif

 

 

Image:Map Northern Mariana Islands closer.gif

 
The Compact of Free Association (COFA) defines the relationship that three sovereign states—the Federated States of Micronesia (FSM), the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) and the Republic of Palau—have entered into as associated states with the United States.

Now sovereign nations, the three freely associated states were formerly part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, a United Nations trusteeship administered by the United States Navy from 1947 to 1951 and by the United States Department of the Interior from 1951 to 1986 (to 1994 for Palau). Under the COFA relationship, the United States provides guaranteed financial assistance over a 15-year period administered through the Office of Insular Affairs in exchange for full international defense authority and responsibilities

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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